Journal of Political Risk, Vol. 4, No. 10, October 2016
By Reza Yeganehshakib, Ph.D.
The oil industry has experienced numerous fluctuations in crude prices during its history. Falling prices in 2014 developed into a historic downturn by 2016, reaching lows that were last seen in the 1990s. As a result, several oil giants were forced to decommission almost two thirds of their rigs, while also dramatically decreasing their investment in the upstream oil industry. Counter-intuitively, the crude shipping industry did not go through the same catastrophic loss as its upstream counterpart. Iran, one of the world’s biggest oil exporters and crude shipping operators, experienced this firsthand. While the country’s oil revenue sharply declined, its crude shipping industry grew. This situation was not without problems, however, as explained herein.